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Estimation of possible Flooding Risks for Enhancement in Flood Resilience in River valleys
Journal: Journal of River Engineering
Issue: Journal of River Engineering (Volume: 1 , Issue: 1 )
Author: Saqib Ehsan , Silke Wieprecht
Keywords : Flooding Risks , dam failure Flooding , Flood Resilience , Jhelum river Valley
Abstract:

Flood is one of the major natural hazards which could cause great disaster. In order to enhance the flood resilience, the proper estimation of flood risks mainly possible loss of life is very much important. Catastrophic flooding could occur downstream of dams in case of dam failure and the possible damages i.e. loss of life & property damage could also be quite significant. The conventional flood resilient measures are not sustainable for long-term flood risk management in developed as well as in developing countries. This study emphasizes the enhancement in flood resilience based on realistic assessment of flooding risks specially in case of dam failure flooding.
As case study, the Jhelum river valley downstream of Mangla dam (329 km long) in Pakistan has been considered. Based on official data, thorough investigation has been carried out for the evaluation of possible flooding risks in the Jhelum river valley downstream of Mangla dam. The results have also been generalized for other river valleys in the world. The results of this research would be useful for the enhancement in flood resilience through risk reduction measures in river valleys downstream of dams not only in Pakistan but also in other parts of the world.

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