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Analyzing the Impact of Financial Independence of the Judiciary System on Justice and Corruption
Journal: Iranian Journal of Business and Economics
Issue: Iranian Journal of Business and Economics (Volume: 5, Issue: 4)
Author: Mohammad Javad Rameh , Ali Faez , Mohammad Javad Baghi Zadeh
Keywords : Financial Independence , Justice , Corruption , Budget
Abstract:

The financial independence of the judiciary system is tightly concerned with the type of budgeting system of a country, and it mainly emphasizes on the separation of the executive and judiciary powers in the context of proposing and approving a judicial budget, which has created two judicial and executive models. In the judicial model, the judiciary system is independent and decisive in determining its own budget. But in the state model, the executive organs are significantly influential on it. In Iran, despite the constitutional emphasis on the independence of the judiciary power, with regard to the executive budget system that governs the judiciary independence, and based on Articles 25 and 156 of the Constitution, the government has absolute discretion to change the proposed budget of the judiciary system, which is an indication of the lack of financial independence of the justice power of the country .By adopting some strategies such as passing a legislation indicating that the government is not permitted to change the proposed budget by the judiciary power, providing direct funding to the parliament, allocating a certain percentage of the country's total budget to the judiciary system, establishing an independent bank for managing the financial resources of the judiciary power, modifyinging the constitution and incorporating the above-mentioned solutions we can promote the financial independence of the judiciary system in Iran.
In the present study, Cochran Orcat method has been used to determine the statistical sample, which is 100 people as the statistical population. In this research, the collected data were analyzed in Excel software and SPSS using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the research revealed that there is a significant correlation between the financial independence (budget) of the judiciary system and the rate of corruption. There is also a significant relationship between the financial independence (budget) of the judiciary system and justice.

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